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Diabetic Eye Exams

Diabetic Eye Exams and Treatment

Diabetes Can Affect Sight If..

If you have diabetes mellitus, your body does not use and store sugar properly. High blood-suger levels can damage blood vessels in the retina, the nerve layer at the back of the eye that senses light and helps to send images to the brain. The damage to retinal vessels is referred to as diabetic retinopathy.

How Is Diabetic Retinopathy Diagnosed?

A medical eye examination is the only way to find changes inside your eye. An eye doctor can often diagnose and treat serious retinopathy before you are aware of any vision problems. The doctor dilates your pupil and looks inside of the eye with an ophthalmoscope.

How Is Diabetic Retinopahty Treated?

The best treatment is to prevent the development of retinopathy as much as possible. Strict control of your blood sugar will significantly reduce the long-term risk of vision loss from diabetic retinopathy. If high blood pressure and kidney problems are present, they need to be treated. Careful observation of high blood pressure and tight control of triglycerides and cholesterol levels with your family physician are important to minimize the risk of diabetic complications.

Laser surgery and other procedures are avilable if you develop problems because of diabetes. Early diagnosis and treatment are the keys.

Karen Dickes, DO
Gregory Kouri, OD